Hong Kong Herbarium
Fung Shui Woods:
Plants of Fung shui woods
Fung shui and Fung shui woods
The Fung Shui Story of Lai Chi Wo
Layout of Fung Shui Woods
Functions of Fung Shui Woods
An Overview of Fung Shui Woods in Hong Kong
Plants of Fung shui woods
Exploring Fung Shui Woods
Conservation of Fung Shui Woods

Sterculia lanceolata 假蘋婆

Aporosa dioica 銀柴

The Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department’s floral survey of 116 local fung shui woods shows that trees in these woodlands mainly belong to the families of Euphorbiaceae, Moraceae and Lauraceae, while shrubs and herbs are mostly Rubiaceae and Papilionaceae. These are families typical of tropical or sub-tropical evergreen broad-leaved forests. They mirror a regional characteristic of Hong Kong’s vegetation - southern sub-tropical lowland evergreen broad-leaved forests.

Aquilaria sinensis 土沉香

Ardisia quinquegona 羅傘樹

Common fung shui wood plants are Lance-leaved Sterculia (Sterculia lanceolata) (99/the number of the fung shui wood where this plant occurs. Same below); Longan (Dimocarpus longan) (92); Aporusa (Aporusa dioica) (92); Incense Tree (Aquilaria sinensis) (89); Miniature Umbrella Plant (Schefflera heptaphylla) (82); Hance’s Syzygium (Syzygium hancei) (64); Camphor Tree (Cinnamomum camphora) (56) and Machilus species. The most common undergrowth shrubs are Wild Coffee (Psychotria asiatica) (96); Asiatic Ardisia (Ardisia quinquegona) (89) and Uvaria (Uvaria microcarpa) (70). These plants are all widely distributed in forests. Other trees also common in fung shui woods are the Endospermum (Endospermum chinense), Pygeum (Pygeum topengii) and Butulang Canthium (Canthium dicoccum). These plants are less common in other lowland forests. As for such plants as the Pea-like Fruit Popowia (Popowia pisocarpa), Long-leaved Xylosma (Xylosma longifolium) and Medicinal Fat-head Tree (Nauclea officinalis), they are found only in fung shui woods and not any other forests. It may well be that the unique environment of fung shui woods is most suited to these species, or they are remnants of native vegetation which have been prevented from wide distribution due to isolation. Evidently, fung shui woods are unique habitats with great ecological significance.

Apart from wild flora, you can also find trees of economic importance on the fringes of fung shui woods. Examples are fruit trees like Longan, Lychee, Wampi, Banana, Pummelo, Mandarin, Rose Apple, Guava and Papaya. They were planted by the villagers. Besides fruit trees, fung shui woods also offer other useful plants to villagers. For instance, the Incense Tree (Aquilaria sinensis) can be refined into lignum, a Chinese herbal medicine. In the old days, villagers planted Incense Trees in many parts of the New Territories. After years of natural propagation, they are so widely distributed that it is difficult to tell wild colonies from planted ones.

Last Revision Date:  25 Jul 2021© Copyright 2021 of the Hong Kong Herbarium | Copyright & Disclaimer | Important Notices | Privacy Policy

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